|Blackjack is basically a card game, where, players try to beat
the dealer. Player should have the total of card values,
higher than the dealer's; either less than or equal to
twenty-one. It is amongst the most entertaining and least
complicated games for the beginners. To understand the game,
let's try to find out its history.
The true originator of the Blackjack has been a mystery
as France, Italy and many others claim to be its
originators. There are number of games which might have
contributed to the origin of present day Blackjack. It is
believed that game was named Blackjack because Jack and
Spades were considered as vital cards and also because
Spades is black in color. Therefore the game was named after
these two cards.
There are games like "vingt-et-un (twenty
and one) of France, "seven and a half" of Italy, "one and
thirty" of Spain. But the most promising candidate for the
original Blackjack is France. It is a common myth that game
was originated in France Casinos, during 1700s from French
card games "Chemin de fer" and "French Ferme". At that time
it was commonly known as "vingt-et-un (twenty and one)".
It was the most admired game during World war one, as it
was the main source of entertainment for the soldiers. The
game has spread throughout French colonies, North America
and then whole continent. The game has progressed over a
period of time. And from decades has been one of the most
famous table games in America and main reason for it is its
flexibility and freedom.
For professional gamblers it was the perfect treat, as
game was outstanding playing field, for manipulating the
chances and bets. The game was blooming and providing a good
ground for the present day blackjack because there was no
government guidelines and interference. But in the beginning
of the nineteenth century, Nevada government felt the need
to control gambling industry, as it was encouraging
corruption and crime. Finally the game was written into the
law, as a crime.
But situation went out of control and industry went
underground and criminalized. Finally the States of Nevada
made gambling legal in 1931. Though Blackjack was a private
game in the history but around 1915, this game started
appearing in the best casinos of the US as a banking game.
Today's blackjack has changed a lot from what it was 50
years back. And the credit goes to renowned mathematician
Edward Thorpe, who provided evidences that there was no need
of house edge. Thorpe and his contemporaries with the help
of computers tried to find out the most beneficial way, to
play the game. They tried every possible card combination.
The research laid the foundation of a set of moves,
recognized as basic strategy and then was customized by the
experts over the years. This strategy helped the casinos, in
developing counter measures to control losses.
Today, Blackjack is considered as one of the best games
in the casinos, and has the potential to catch the attention
of the crowd towards itself.